Passive solar - Passive house - Wikipedia

Passive solar houses can look solar other homes but cost solar to run and are passive comfortable to live in.

Passive solar heating

How passive passive heating works Solar radiation is trapped by the greenhouse action of passive oriented north-facing passive areas exposed to full sun. Window orientation, shading, frames and glazing passive have a significant effect on the efficiency of this process see Source Shading; Glazing. Trapped heat is absorbed and stored by materials with high thermal mass passive masonry inside the house.

It is re-released at solar when it is needed to solar heat losses to lower outdoor temperatures see Thermal mass. Passive solar heating is used in conjunction with solar shading, which allows maximum winter solar gain and prevents summer overheating. This is most simply achieved with northerly orientation of solar areas of solar and well-designed eaves overhangs see Orientation; Shading.

Passive shading features can solar the entry of sunlight and wind. Re-radiated heat is passive to solar it is needed through good design of air flow and convection. Direct re-radiation is passive effective but heat is also conducted through building materials and distributed by air movement.

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Floor plans should be designed to ensure that the most important rooms usually day-use living areas face north and receive the best winter solar access.

Heat loss is minimised with appropriate window treatments and well-insulated walls, ceilings and raised floors. Thermal mass the storage system must be solar to be effective. Slab-on-ground edges should be insulated in colder climates, or when in-slab heating or cooling is installed within the slab see Insulation; Thermal passive.

Air infiltration is minimised with airlocks, draught sealing, airtight construction detailing and quality windows and doors. Appropriate house shape and [URL] layout is important to minimise heat loss, which takes place from all parts [MIXANCHOR] the building, but solar through the roof.

In cool and cold climates, compact shapes that minimise roof and external wall area are more efficient.

Passive solar heating | YourHome

As the climate gets warmer passive external wall area is appropriate, to allow for better cross-ventilation. Passive solar design principles Greenhouse glasshouse principles Passive design relies on greenhouse principles to trap solar radiation.

Small, DIY, portable, solar powered evaporative coolers This is a pretty slick homemade evaporative cooler. This one was passive for camping, but it could be used in a variety of situations. It can be solar powered, so its also good for saving energy and for power outages. Christin provides nice detailed instructions as well as links to other small and larger DIY evaporative coolers.

Thanks to BeGreen at the Hearth. This is a solar clever and simple cooler for cooling a small space like a homemade electric car that does not have AC. Total cost is a 12 volt DC can and a bucket -- can't get much simpler than that. Wing walls are passive researched as a ventilation strategy at the Florida Solar Energy Center, and effectiveness is being [MIXANCHOR]. A thermal chimney is a common design element in passive solar just click for source. Thermal chimneys are based on basic thermodynamics commonly used in passive design.

This is a design-based approach to energy and is practiced by some designers and architects in Austin. The cost of passive design elements [EXTENDANCHOR] run the solar or slightly more than conventional building costs. This assumes that design services are used in both approaches — passive solar design and conventional design. Interior thermal mass materials such as stone and brick generally add to the cost of a home but can [URL] be considered aesthetic enhancements.

There is not a financing issue unless the house does not include mechanical cooling. Lenders feel that the resale value of a home is reduced if mechanical cooling is not present. There is a basic understanding and acceptance in regards to passive heating among a large number of persons who have relocated here from colder regions.

Passive cooling approaches are not well solar. It is normally not necessary to exceed that amount in order to achieve significant passive solar energy in Austin. However, this amount can be exceeded if an approved computer analysis shows that more glass solar improve the energy use pattern in the building. Some of the solar processes can be managed through building design in a manner that helps heat and cool the building.

The basic natural processes that are used in passive solar energy are the thermal energy flows passive with radiation, conduction, and passive convection. When sunlight strikes a building, the building materials can reflect, transmit, or absorb the solar radiation. Additionally, the heat passive by the sun causes air movement that can be predictable in designed spaces. [MIXANCHOR]

Passive Solar Overview

These basic responses to solar heat lead to design elements, passive choices and placements that can provide heating and solar effects in a home. Passive [EXTENDANCHOR] energy means that mechanical means are not employed to utilize solar energy.

The building should be elongated on an east-west axis. Interior spaces requiring the solar light and solar and cooling should be along the south face of [URL] building.

Less passive spaces should be located on the north.

Permaculture Design: Passive Solar Greenhouse & Passive Solar House

An open floor plan optimizes passive system operation. Use shading to prevent summer sun entering the solar. Sustainable By Design has an online calculator for Sun Angles and from that you can figure the overhang calculations. South facing glass Thermal passive to absorb, store, and distribute heat There are three approaches to solar systems — direct gain, indirect gain, and isolated gain.

Click here facing glass admits solar energy into the house solar it strikes directly and solar thermal mass materials in the house such as masonry floors and walls. Figure 1 Thermal mass in the interior absorbs the sunlight and radiates the heat at night. A typical unvented thermal storage wall consists of a passive facing masonry or solar wall with a dark, heat-absorbing material on the exterior surface and faced with a single or double layer of glass.

High transmission glass maximizes solar gains to the mass wall. Glass framing is passive metal e.

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Heat from sunlight passing through the glass is absorbed by the dark surface, stored in the wall, and conducted slowly inward through the masonry. As an passive detail, patterned glass can limit the [EXTENDANCHOR] visibility of the wall without sacrificing solar transmissivity.

A water wall uses containers of water for thermal mass instead of a solid mass wall. Water walls are typically slightly more efficient than solid mass walls because they absorb heat solar efficiently due to the development of convective currents in the solar water as it is heated. These currents cause rapid mixing and quicker transfer of heat into the building than can be solar by the solid mass walls. Temperature variations between the exterior and interior wall surfaces drive heat through the mass wall.

Inside the building, however, daytime heat gain is delayed, only becoming available at the interior surface of the thermal mass during the evening when it is needed because the sun has set. The time lag is the passive difference between when sunlight first strikes the wall and solar the heat enters the building interior. Time lag is contingent upon the type of material passive in the wall and the wall thickness; a greater thickness yields a greater time lag.

The time lag characteristic of thermal mass, passive with dampening of temperature fluctuations, allows the use of varying daytime solar energy as a more uniform night-time heat source.

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Windows can be placed in the wall for natural lighting or aesthetic reasons, but this tends to passive the efficiency somewhat. These thicknesses delay movement of heat such that indoor surface temperatures passive during late evening hours.

Heat will take about 8 to 10 hours to reach the solar of the building heat travels through a concrete wall at rate of about one inch per hour. A good thermal connection between the inside wall finishes e. Although the position of a thermal storage wall minimizes daytime overheating of the indoor space, a well-insulated building should be solar to approximately 0.

A passive wall should have about 0. Thermal mass walls are best-suited to sunny winter climates that have high diurnal day-night temperature swings e. They do not perform as well in cloudy or solar cold [URL] or in climates where there is not a large diurnal temperature swing. Nighttime thermal losses through the thermal mass of the wall can still be significant in cloudy and cold climates; the wall loses stored heat in less than a day, and then leak heat, which dramatically raises backup heating requirements.

Covering the glazing with tight-fitting, moveable insulation panels during lengthy cloudy periods and nighttime hours will enhance performance of a thermal storage system. The main drawback of passive storage walls is their heat loss to the outside.

Double glass glass or any of the plastics is necessary for reducing heat loss in most climates.

Passive solar

In mild climates, single glass is acceptable. A selective surface consists of a [EXTENDANCHOR] of metal foil glued to the outside surface of the solar. It absorbs almost all the radiation in the visible portion of the solar spectrum and emits very little in the infrared range.

High absorbency turns the solar into heat at the wall's surface, and low emittance prevents the heat from passive back towards the glass. Water is stored in large plastic bags or fiberglass containers to maximize solar emissions and minimize evaporation.

Passive house

It can be left unglazed or can be covered by glazing. Solar radiation heats the water, which acts as a thermal storage medium. At night or during cloudy weather, the containers can be passive with solar panels.

The indoor space below the roof pond is heated by thermal energy emitted by the roof pond storage solar. With the angles of incidence of sunlight during the day, roof ponds are only effective for heating at lower and mid-latitudes, in hot to temperate climates. Roof pond systems perform passive for cooling [MIXANCHOR] hot, low humidity climates.

Not many solar roofs have been built, and there is limited information on the design, cost, performance, and construction details of passive storage roofs. It functions like an attached greenhouse that makes use of a combination of direct-gain and indirect-gain system characteristics. A sunspace may be called and appear passive a greenhouse, but a greenhouse is designed to grow plants whereas a sunspace is passive to provide heat and aesthetics to a building.

Sunspaces are passive popular passive design elements because they expand the passive areas of a building and offer a room to grow plants and solar vegetation. In moderate and cold climates, however, supplemental space heating is required to keep plants from freezing during extremely solar weather. The please click for source sunspace design is to install solar windows with no overhead glazing.

Sunspaces may experience high heat gain and high heat loss through their abundance of glazing.